3d组六包号价目表

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                  • 欧盟碳市场经验教训与中国碳市场发展路径

                    2018-01-14 16:59:49 东方金诚 作者:方怡向 王璐  点击量: 评论 (0)
                    为应对气候变化,全球已有25个国家或地区采用建立碳排放交易市场的方式进行减排,其中以欧盟碳市场发展相对比较完善,成交规模最大。

                    HEXINTISHI:JIEHEOUMENGTANSHICHANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,ZHENDUIWOGUOSHIDIANTANSHICHANGCUNZAIDESHICHANGFAYUCHENGDUBUZU,JIAGEFAXIANJIZHIWEIXINGCHENGDENGWENTI,DONGFANGJINCHENGDUIWOGUOTANSHICHANGJIANSHEHETANJINRONGTIXIFAZHANLUJINGTICHUJIANYI。

                    摘要

                    3d组六包号价目表QIHOUBIANHUAYICHENGWEIQUANQIUZUIDADEHUANJINGWAIBUXINGWENTI。WEIYINGDUIQIHOUBIANHUA,QUANQIUYIYOU25GEGUOJIAHUODIQUCAIYONGJIANLITANPAIFANGJIAOYISHICHANGDEFANGSHIJINXINGJIANPAI,QIZHONGYIOUMENGTANSHICHANGFAZHANXIANGDUIBIJIAOWANSHAN,CHENGJIAOGUIMOZUIDA。BENWENJIESHAOLEOUMENGTANSHICHANGDEFAZHANLICHENG、YUNXINGMOSHI,ZONGJIELEQIZHENDUIPEIEGONGGUOYUQIU、TANJIABODONGDADENGWENTISUOCAIQUDEGAIGECUOSHIHEWENDINGTANJIAFANGAN,YIJIGAODUFADADETANJINRONGCHANPINHETANJINRONGFUWUTIXI。TONGGUOYIXILIEGAIGE,OUMENGTANSHICHANGZAI2018NIANTUPOLEDUONIANTANJIAZAIGEWEISHUPAIHUAIDEDIMIZHUANGTAI,BINGZAISANJIDUTUPOLE25OUYUAN/MEIDUN。JIEHEOUMENGTANSHICHANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,ZHENDUIWOGUOSHIDIANTANSHICHANGCUNZAIDESHICHANGFAYUCHENGDUBUZU,JIAGEFAXIANJIZHIWEIXINGCHENGDENGWENTI,DONGFANGJINCHENGDUIWOGUOTANSHICHANGJIANSHEHETANJINRONGTIXIFAZHANLUJINGTICHUJIANYI。

                    一、引言

                    3d组六包号价目表JIYUQIHOUBIANHUAHUIYINQIBUKENIZHUANDESHENGTAIWEIJIZHEIYIGUOJIGONGSHI,2015NIAN12YUE12RI,《LIANHEGUOQIHOUBIANHUAKUANGJIAGONGYUE》JIN200GEDIYUEFANGZAIBALIQIHOUDAHUISHANGYIZHITONGYITONGGUO《BALIXIEDING》,QUEDINGLEPINGJUNSHENGWENJIAOGONGYEHUAQIANSHUIPINGZUIDUOBUCHAOGUO2℃DEZHANGYUANMUBIAO。ZUOWEIGUOJISHEHUIZHONGFUZERENDAGUO,WOGUOZHUDONGCHENGDANWENSHIQITIJIANPAIZHONGREN,CHENGNUOLEDAO2030NIANDANWEIGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIERYANGHUATANPAIFANGQIANGDUBI2005NIANXIAJIANG60%-65%DEJIANPAIMUBIAO,BINGQUEDINGLECAIYONGTANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYIZHEIZHONGJUYOUCHENGBENXIAOYIDEQIHOUZHENGCEGONGJUWEIZHUYAOSHIXIANFANGSHI。

                    TANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYI,JIANCHENGTANJIAOYI,SHITONGGUOSHICHANGDESHOUDUANCUJINWENSHIQITIJIANPAIDEZHENGCEJIZHI。TANJIAOYISHICHANGZUIJICHUDELIANGZHONGJIAOYICHANPINSHIWENSHIQITIPAIFANGPEIEHEJIYUWENSHIQITIJIANPAIXIANGMUCHANSHENGDEDIXIAOXINYONG。GOUJIANWANSHANDETANJINRONGTIXIYAOZAIJIANLITANSHICHANGDEJICHUSHANG,ZHUBUFENGFUTANJINRONGCHANPIN,CUJINDUOYUANHUADETANSHICHANGCANYUFANGSHI,FAZHANQUANFANGWEIDETANJINRONGFUWU。ZUOWEIYUNXINGSHIJIANZUIZAO、GUIMOZUIDADEQIANGZHITANJIAOYISHICHANG,OUMENGTANSHICHANGZAIJIZHIJIANLIHETANJINRONGTIXIFAZHANFANGMIANDOUJILEILEFENGFUDEJINGYANJIAOXUN。

                    二、欧盟碳市场进展及经验教训

                    (YI)OUMENGTANSHICHANGJINZHAN

                    OUMENGTANSHICHANGYU2005NIAN1YUEKAISHIYUNXING,HANGAIOUMENG28GECHENGYUANGUOYIJINUOWEI、BINGDAOHELIEZHIDUNSHIDENG,FUGAIGAIQUYUYUE45%DEWENSHIQITIPAIFANG,WEI31GEGUOJIADE11,000JIAGAOHAONENGQIYEJIHANGKONGYUNYINGSHANGSHEZHILEPAIFANGSHANGXIAN。OUMENGZHIDINGLETANSHICHANGXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,TONGYIDEZONGLIANGSHEDING、PEIEFENPEI、MRV(JIANCE、BAOGAO、HECHA)DENGBIAOZHUNHEGUIZEBINGZHUBUXIUDINGWANSHAN,JIANLILEJIAOWEIWANBEIDEZHENGCEFAGUITIXI,JUTIYOUGECHENGYUANGUODETANJIAOYIZHUGUANBUMENFUZESHISHI。OUMENGTANSHICHANGCONGCHENGLIQI,QIYUNXINGKEYIFENWEISIGEJIEDUAN,JIANBIAO1。

                    3d组六包号价目表BIAO1 OUMENGTANSHICHANGGEJIEDUANFAZHANQINGKUANG

                    欧盟碳市场经验教训与中国碳市场发展路径

                    欧盟碳市场经验教训与中国碳市场发展路径

                    3d组六包号价目表LAIYUAN:EUETS Handbook,DONGFANGJINCHENGZHENGLI

                    (ER)OUMENGTANSHICHANGWENTIYUJIAOXUN

                    1.TANPEIEGONGGUOYUQIU,TANJIAZHANGQIPIRUAN

                    3d组六包号价目表TANSHICHANGZUOWEIYIXIANGHUANJINGZHENGCEGONGJU,YIFANGMIANSHIWEILEKONGZHIPAIFANGZONGLIANG,SHIXIANDICHENGBENJIANPAI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,XIWANGTONGGUOJITANDINGJIA,CUSHIQIYETIGAONENGXIAO,TOUZIKAIFALVSEDITANJISHU,CUJINDITANZHUANXING。YINCI,YIGEZUGOUGAOQIEWENDINGDEDETANJIAXINHAOYOUWEIZHONGYAO。RUGUOTANJIAGUODIHUOTANJIABODONGTAIDA,JIANGHUIDAJISHICHANGCANYUZHEXINXIN,CONGERJIANGDIQICAIQUJIANPAIXINGDONGDEKENENG,ZHEIYUTANSHICHANGYIZUIJINGJIDESHOUDUANDACHENGZHANGQIDEJIANPAIMUBIAODECHUZHONGYANZHONGBUFU。

                    欧盟碳市场经验教训与中国碳市场发展路径

                    3d组六包号价目表LAIYUAN:OUZHOUHUANJINGSHU,2017

                    TU1SHIOUMENGTANSHICHANGPEIEEUADENIANPINGJUNZHIZOUSHITU,EUASHIGELEITANJINRONGCHANPINJIAGEFENGXIANGBIAO,DIXIAOXINYONGCER、ERUDENGQITATANJINRONGCHANPINJIAGEDOUGENSUITADEBIANHUAQUSHIERBIANDONG。YOUYUOUMENGTANSHICHANGZAIDIYIJIEDUANBUYUNXUWEIYONGWANDEPEIEZHUANZHIXIAYIJIEDUANSHIYONG,ERZHEIYIGUIDINGHUSHILETANPAIFANGQUANDEWUQUANTEZHENG,SHIDEEUAJIAGEZAIDIYIJIEDUANMOQI(2007NIANDI)JINGLILEBAODIE。2008NIANEUAZHONGXINZHANSHANGLISHIGAOWEI,DANSHOUQUANQIUJINGJIWEIJIHEOUZHAIWEIJIYINGXIANG,DIERJIEDUANCHANSHENGDALIANGWEISHIYONGDEPEIE,YOUYUOUMENGXIQUJIAOXUN,YUNXUDIERJIEDUANMOQIDEPEIEZHUANZHIDISANJIEDUANKUAQISHIYONG,BIMIANDIERJIEDUANMOQIEUAJIAGEBAODIE,DANZHEIXIEYINGYUPEIEDAOZHILECHIXUXINGDEPEIEGONGDAYUQIU,YINCIZI2011NIANQIEUAJIAGEYIZHIWEICHIZAIGEWEISHU,JINRUMANZHANGDEDIMIQI。

                    2.CHUQICAIYONG“ZUFUFA”FENPEIPEIE,BULIYUSHICHANGGONGPING

                    3d组六包号价目表PEIEFENPEIZHIDUZHUYAOBAOKUOMIANFEIFENPEIHEPAIMAIFENPEI,MIANFEIFENPEIYOUGENJUBUTONGDEBIAOZHUNFENWEI“ZUFUFA”HE“JIZHUNXIANFA”,QIANZHESHIYIJUQIYELISHIPAIFANGSHUIPINGJINXINGFENPEI,HOUZHESHIXIANQUEDINGXINGYEJIZHUN,ZAIYIJUQIYEDESHIJICHANLIANGJINXINGFENPEI。

                    JINGUANSUOYOULILUNHESHIZHENGYANJIUDOUZHICHUTANPEIEPAIMAIFENPEIKEYIQUEBAOXITONGDEGAOXIAOTOUMINGBINGCHANSHENGGENGHAODEJIANPAIXIAOGUO,DANWEILEJIANSHAOZHENGCEZULI,OUMENGTANSHICHANGZAICHUQIHAISHIXUANZEZHUYAOYIMIANFEIDEFANGSHIJINXINGPEIEFENPEI,TONGSHIYOUYUQUESHAOPAIFANGSHUJU,FENPEIZHUYAOCAIYONG“ZUFUFA”。ZHEIJIUYIWEIZHE,WURANZHEZHUYAOGENJUQILISHIPAIFANGLIANGJIUNENGHUODEMIANFEIDEPAIFANGQUAN,LISHIPAIFANGLIANGYUEGAOHUODEMIANFEIFENPEIDEPEIEYUEDUO。XIANRAN“ZUFUFA”WEIFANLE“WURANZHEFUFEI”ZHEIYIJIBENDEGONGPINGYUANZE。WEICI,OUMENGCONGDISANJIEDUANKAISHIZHUBUTIGAOPEIEPAIMAIDEBILI,BINGJIHUAZUIZHONGSHIXIAN100%YOUCHANGPAIMAI,TONGSHIMIANFEIFENPEIDEPEIEZHUYAOCAIYONG“JIZHUNXIANFA”。“JIZHUNXIANFA”SHIDETANPAIFANGQIANGDUGAODESHESHIYIJUQICHANLIANGJIANGSHAOFENPEIDAOPEIE,ZHEIJIUCUSHIDIXIAODESHEBEIYAOCAIQUCUOSHIJIANSHAOGUODUODEPAIFANG,CONGERJIEJUEFENPEIBUGONGDEWENTI。

                    (SAN)OUMENGTANSHICHANGGAIGECUOSHIJIJINGYANZONGJIE

                    MIANDUITANJIABUDUANFASHENGYINGZHELU,SHICHANGJIDUBINLINBENGKUIHECHIXUDIMI,OUMENGJINXINGLEYIXILIEGAIGE,DUICUJINSHICHANGGONGPING,WENDINGTANJIA,JIANSHAOPEIEYINGYU,QIDAOLEJIJIDEZUOYONG。TONGSHI,OUMENGTANJINRONGCHANPINHEFUWUDEKUAISUFAZHAN,YECUJINLETANJIAFAXIANJIZHIDEXINGCHENG。

                    1.KUODAKONGPAIXINGYEFANWEI,XIANZHIGUOJIDIXIAOXINYONGDESHIYONG,YOUXIAOJIANSHAOPEIEYINGYU

                    CONGBIAO1ZHONGKEYIKANCHU,OUMENGCONGDIERJIEDUANKAISHIBAKONGPAIQIYEFANWEIKUODAZHIHANGKONGYE,CONGDISANJIEDUANKAISHIJIXUKUODAXINGYEFANWEI,YOUXIAOZENGJIALETANPEIEDEXUQIU。ZAITANPEIEDEGONGYINGFANGMIAN,YOUYUDIXIAOXINYONGCERHEERUKEYIDENGTONGPEIEEUAYONGYULVYUE,OUMENGTANSHICHANGCONGDISANJIEDUANKAISHIYANGEXIANZHISHIYONGCERHEERU,BIMIANLEDIXIAOXINYONGGONGGUOYUQIUDUISHICHANGDECHONGJI。CIWAI,GAIGECUOSHIHAIBAOKUOCONGDISANJIEDUANKAISHICAIYONGZHELIANGPAIMAIFANGAN,YONGJIUZHUXIAOYIBUFENTANPEIE;DISANJIEDUANHEDISIJIEDUANDEWENSHIQITIJIANPAIMUBIAOBUDUANTIGAO,JITANSHICHANGSHIJIAJIANPAIYALI;XIUZHENGXIANXINGJIANPAIYINZI,CONGDISANJIEDUANDEMEINIANXIANXINGJIANSHAO1.74%TIGAODAODISIJIEDUANDEMEINIANXIANXINGJIANSHAO2.2%;ZENGJIAWENSHIQITIZHONGLEI,CONGDANYIDECO2KUOZHANDAON2OHEPFCDENG。DANZONGTILAIJIANG,ZHEIXIEGAIGECUOSHIZAIDUANQINEIXIAOGUOYOUXIAN,TANJIADAO2017NIANYIRANZAIGEWEISHUPAIHUAI,SHUOMINGSHICHANGDUITANPEIEDEYINGYUZHUANGTAIRENGJIAOWEIDANYOU。

                    3d组六包号价目表2. JIJIANGSHIXINGDE“SHICHANGWENDINGCHUBEI”ZHIDUJITANJIAQIANGYOULIDEZHICHENG

                    OUMENGTANSHICHANGJIHUAZAI2019NIANSHIXING“SHICHANGWENDINGCHUBEI”(MSR,Market Stability Reserve)ZHIDUZUOWEIZHANGQIKONGZHIPEIEYINGYUDEFANGAN,MSRZHIDUJIANGJIYUYIDINGDEGUIZEHEMUBIAOANZHAOYUSHEDETIAOJIANZIDONGDIAOZHENGPEIEPAIMAILIANG。GAIZHIDUSHISHIHOUDEQIANWUNIAN,MEINIANJIANGYOU24%DETANPEIE(EUAs)BEINARUMSR,BEITUICHIDE2014-2016NIANDEZHELIANGPAIMAIEUAYEJIANGZHIJIEBEINARUMSR。MSRZHIDUJISHICHANGQUEDINGDEYUQI,TONGSHIYEJIANSHAOLEZHIDUBUQUEDINGXINGDUISHICHANGZAOCHENGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG。SUIZHEMSRZHIDUSHISHIRIQIDELINJIN,OUMENGTANPEIEEUAJIAGEZHONGYUTUPOLETANJIADUONIANZAIGEWEISHUPAIHUAIDEDIMIZHUANGTAI,ZAI2018NIANSANJIDUTUPOLE25OUYUAN/MEIDUN,JINYINIANDEZHANGFUCHAO300%。

                    3d组六包号价目表3.OUMENGTANSHICHANGJINRONGCHANPINFENGFU,TANQIHUOJIAOYIHUOYUE

                    3d组六包号价目表OUMENGTANSHICHANGSHIZAIGAODUFADADEJINRONGSHICHANGBEIJINGXIAFAZHANQILAIDE,ZAI2005NIANYUNXINGYISHIBIANTONGSHIKAIZHANLEEUA、CERHEERUDEQIHUO、YUANQI、QIQUAN、DIAOQIJIAOYI,TANQIHUOJIAOYIYOUWEIHUOYUE。2017NIAN,ZAIOUZHOUNENGYUANJIAOYISUO(EEX)JIZHOUJIJIAOYISUO(ICE)JIAOGEDEZHULITANQIHUOHEYUEJIAOYIZONGLIANGDADAO33.59YIDUN,QIHUOJIAOYIZHANDAOQUANBUJIAOYILIANGDEJIUCHENG。TANQIHUOBUDANRANGKONGPAIQIYEKEYIGUANLITAMENDETANFENGXIANBAOLU,FANGFANJIAGEBIANDONGFENGXIAN,YERANGCANYUZHEKEYICONGSHITOUJIHUODONG,WEISHICHANGDAILAILIUDONGXING,TIGAOLESHICHANGYOUXIAOXING。

                    3d组六包号价目表4.OUMENGTANSHICHANGCANYUZHUTIDUOYUAN,TANJINRONGFUWUFADA

                    OUMENGTANSHICHANGDEZHUTIBUJINBAOKUOKONGPAIQIYE,HAIYOUZHONGDUODESHANGYEYINXING、TOUZIYINXINGDENGJINRONGJIGOU,YIJIZHENGFUZHUDAODETANJIJIN、SIMUGUQUANTOUZIJIJINDENGGEZHONGTOUZIZHE。SHICHANGLIYIQUDONGZHEDUOFANGCANYUZHUTIJINRUTANSHICHANG,TAMENYIFANGMIANJIADALEOUMENGDETANZIJINGUIMO,HUOYUELETANJIAOYISHICHANG,LINGYIFANGMIANYETUIDONGLETANJINRONGCHANPINDESHEJIHETANJINRONGFUWUDEFAZHAN。RUFAGUOXINGYEYINXINGDENGYIXIEJINRONGJIGOUSHELILEZHUANXIANGTANJIJIN;HELANYINXINGDENGYIXIEJINRONGJIGOUCONGSHITANJIAOYIZHONGJIEYEWU,TIGONGRONGZIDANBAO、GOUTANDAILI、TANJIAOYIZIXUN;HAIYOUYIXIEJINRONGJIGOUTUICHUTANPAIFANGQUANQIQUAN、QIHUOJIDIAOQIDENGYIXILIEJINRONGYANSHENGGONGJU,WEINEIXIEZUOTAOQIBAOZHIDEQIYETIGONGBIFENGGANG。

                    三、中国碳市场进展及存在问题

                    (YI)ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGJINZHAN

                    ZHONGGUOZAI2012NIANYIQIANTANSHICHANGFAZHANHUANMAN,ZHUYAOYICANYUQINGJIEFAZHANJIZHI(CDM)XIANGMUWEIZHU,SUIZHEHOUJINGDOUSHIDAIDEDAOLAI,ZHONGGUOKAIQILETANSHICHANGJIANSHEGONGZUO,DUIJIANLIZHONGGUOTANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYIZHIDUZUOCHULEXIANGYINGJUECEBUSHU。ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGZHUYAOBIAOZHIXINGZHENGCEWENJIANCANJIANBIAO2。

                    BIAO2 ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGBIAOZHIXINGZHENGCEWENJIAN

                    欧盟碳市场经验教训与中国碳市场发展路径

                    欧盟碳市场经验教训与中国碳市场发展路径

                    LAIYUAN:GONGKAIXINXI,DONGFANGJINCHENGZHENGLI

                    CONG2013NIAN6YUE,SHENZHENLVXIANKAIZHANJIAOYI,QITASHIDIANDIQUYEFENFENZAI2013NIANDAO2014NIANXIANHOUQIDONGSHICHANGJIAOYI。JIEZHI2018NIAN8YUE,GESHIDIANTANSHICHANGGONGNARU20YUGEXINGYE、JIN3000JIAZHONGDIANPAIFANGDANWEI,LEIJICHENGJIAOLIANGYUE2.5YIDUN,LEIJICHENGJIAOJINEDA55YIYUAN。2016NIANDI,SICHUANHEFUJIANLIANGGEFEISHIDIANDIQUYEKAISHILETANSHICHANGJIANSHEGONGZUO。CIWAI,ZHONGGUOZIYUANJIANPAIXIANGMUFAZHANSHIFENXUNSU,JIEZHIMUQIAN,TIJIAOSHENDINGDEXIANGMU2871GE,CHENGGONGBEIANXIANGMU861GE,JIANPAILIANGBEIAN254TIAO。2017NIAN12YUE《QUANGUOTANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYISHICHANGJIANSHEFANGAN(FADIANXINGYE)》YINFA,BIAOZHIZHEWOGUOQUANGUOTANPAIFANGJIAOYIKAISHIQIDONG,ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGCHUQIJIANGFUGAIFADIANXINGYEDE1700YUJIAQIYE,ERYANGHUATANPAIFANGZONGLIANGCHAOGUO30YIDUN,YUEZHANQUANGUOPAIFANGLIANGDE30%,YUJIDAO2020NIANJIANGZAIFADIANXINGYEJIAOYIZHUTIJIANZHENGSHIKAIZHANPEIEXIANHUOJIAOYI,BINGZHUBUNARUGENGDUOXINGYEHEGENGDUOJIAOYIPINZHONG。

                    (ER)ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGCUNZAIWENTIHEMIANLINTIAOZHAN

                    1. QUANGUOTANSHICHANGDINGCENGZHIDUSHANGWEICHUTAI,GEXIANGNENGLIJIANSHEJIDAIWANSHAN

                    3d组六包号价目表2018NIANSHITANSHICHANGDINGCENGZHIDUJIANSHEHEGEXIANGJICHUSHESHI、NENGLIJIANSHEDEGUANJIANYINIAN。JINGUANGEGESHIDIANTANSHICHANGDOUZAIBUTONGDEWEIDUSHANGJINXINGLEYOUYIDETANSUO,LIRUZAINARUXINGYEFUGAIFANWEIHEBIAOZHUN、“MIANFEIFENPEIWEIZHU、YOUCHANGFENPEIWEIFU、YULIUDIAOJIEPEIE”DECHUSHIPEIEFENPEIFANGFA、WENSHIQITIPAIFANGHECHAGUIFANDENGFANGMIANJILEILENANDEDESHIJIANJINGYAN。DANYINGESHIDIANJIANCUNZAIJIAODACHAYI,QUANGUOSHICHANGBINGWUXIANCHENGJINGYANCANZHAO,CONGSHIDIANZOUXIANGTONGYISHICHANGDEGUOCHENGCHONGMANTIAOZHAN。QUANGUOTANSHICHANGXUYAOZAIKAOCHAQUANGUOGEDIQU、GEXINGYEDEBUTONGFAZHANSHUIPINGDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGTANSHICHANGDEDINGCENGSHEJIHEGELEIPEITAOZHIDUJIANSHE。

                    2. ZHONGGUOWENSHIQITIZIYUANJIANPAIXIANGMUSHENPIGEZHI,BULIYUZIYUANJIANPAISHICHANGFAZHAN

                    YOUYUZHONGZHONGYUANYIN,ZHUGUANBUMENYU2017NIAN3YUEZANTINGLEZHONGGUOWENSHIQITIZIYUANJIANPAIXIANGMUDESHENPI,CCER(Chinese Certified Emission Reduction,ZHONGGUOHEZHENGZIYUANJIANPAILIANG)JIAOYISHULIANGHEJIAOYIEYEDAFUXIAJIANG,GUIZEDEBUMINGQUEBULIYUDITANJISHUHEJIANPAISHICHANGDEFAZHAN。

                    3d组六包号价目表3.SHIDIANTANSHICHANGLIUDONGXINGJIAOCHA,TANJIAFAXIANJIZHISHANGWEIXINGCHENG

                    3d组六包号价目表QIGESHIDIANTANSHICHANGDELIUDONGXINGRENGRANHENDI,LIANGHAODEJIAGEJIZHISHANGWEIXINGCHENG。ZHEIZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIZONGJIAOYILIANGZAIPEIEZONGLIANGZHONGDEZHANBIJIAODI,HUANSHOULVBUDAO5%,MEINIANLVYUEQIQIANYILIANGGEYUEJIAOYILIANGCHUXIANBAOFASHIZENGZHANG,QITAYUEFENJIAOYILENGQING。YISHANGXIANXIANGSHUOMINGSHICHANGYOUXIAOXINGBUZU,TEBIESHIDUIYUQIYELAISHUO,CANYUTANJIAOYIGENGDUOSHIBEIDONGYINGFUDIFANGZHENGFUDELVYUEYAOQIUERFEIZHUDONGXUNQIUTOUZIJIHUI。TANPEIEDEJIAZHIZAIQIYEXINMUZHONGRENGRANHENDI,ERZHEIJIANGHUIXUERUOZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGDUITOUZIZHEDEXIYINLI。

                    4. TANJINRONGCHANPINJIAODANYI,TANJINRONGFUWUTIXISHANGCHUYUMENGYAZHUANGTAI

                    SUIZHEGESHIDIANTANSHICHANGDEFAZHAN,BEIJING、SHENZHEN、SHANGHAI、HUBEI、GUANGDONGDENGTANJIAOYISUOZUOLEBUSHAOTANJINRONGCHANPINCHUANGXINDETANSUO,CHULETANQIHUODENGSHAOSHUCHANPINWAI,QITABAOKUOTANJIAOYILEI、TANRONGZILEI、TANZHICHILEICHANPINDOUYOUSHEJI。DANSHI,YOUYUSHICHANGHEJIANGUANDEZHIYUE,SHIDIANTANJINRONGCHANPINDEJIAOYIHESHIYONGBINGBUHUOYUE,TANJINRONGCHANPINDECHUANGXINWANGWANGTINGLIUZAISHOUDANXIAOYINGSHANG,JINYOUTANPEIEZHIYADAIKUAN、TANJIJIN、TANPEIETUOGUANDENGSHAOSHUJIGECHANPINSHIXIANLEKEFUZHI。ZHEIYUQIGETANSHICHANGCHUYUGELIEZHUANGTAI,QUEFAYOULIDESHICHANGXUQIUHESHEHUIZIJINZHICHENG,ZHENGGETANSHICHANGFAYUCHENGDUHAIBUWANSHANZHIJIEXIANGGUAN。XIANGJIAOYUOUMENGTANSHICHANG,SHIDIANTANSHICHANGDETANJINRONGCHUANGXINHAICHUYUMENGYAZHUANGTAI,HAIQUESHAOCHENGSHUDETANQIHUOCHANPIN。

                    四、中国碳金融市场发展路径建议

                    3d组六包号价目表JIEHEOUMENGTANSHICHANGHEWOGUOSHIDIANTANSHICHANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,DONGFANGJINCHENGDUIZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGJIANSHEDEDINGCENGSHEJIHETANJINRONGTIXIDEFAZHANTICHUYIXIAJIDIANJIANYI:

                    3d组六包号价目表(YI)CHONGFENRENSHIDAOTANJIAOYIZHIDUJIANSHEDEZHANGQIQUZHEXING

                    OUMENGTANSHICHANGSHIDUONIANDEWANSHANHEFAZHANLIBUKAICHIXUXINGDEZHIDUGAIGE。YINWEITANSHICHANGSHIZHENGFUYIJUJIANPAIMUBIAOJIANLIDEZHENGCESHICHANG,WUFAWANQUANKAOSHICHANGDIAOJIE,ERTANSHICHANGDEFUZAXINGYOUJUEDINGLETANSHICHANGDEJIANSHEBUKENENGYICUERJIU。YINCI,ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGJIANSHEYEBUNENGJIYUQIUCHENG,YAOQINGCHURENSHIDAOMUQIANDEGEXIANGJICHUSHESHIHAIHENBORUODEXIANZHUANG,XUYAOXIANGOUMENGTANSHICHANGJIANLICHUQIYIYANG,BINGCHENGBIANGANBIANXUEDETAIDUTUIJIN。ZAICHUTAITANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYIGEXIANGJIBENZHIDUDETONGSHI,YAOCHONGFENKAOLVDAOGEZHONGKENENGBINGWEIZHENGCEDIAOZHENGLIUYOUYUDI,GENJUTANSHICHANGJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGYUDAODEWENTIBUDUANWANSHANGEXIANGZHIDU。

                    (ER)PEIEFENPEIZHIDUYIJIZHUNXIANFAWEIZHUZHUBUGUODUDAOPAIMAIZHIDU

                    3d组六包号价目表WEIBIMIANZHENGCEZULI,ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGCHUQIYEYAOYIMIANFEIFENPEIZUOWEIZHUYAOPEIEFENPEIZHIDU,DANYINGXIQUOUMENGTANSHICHANGCHUQICAIYONG“ZUFUFA”DAOZHIXUBAOLISHISHUJUDEJIAOXUN,JIJIFADONGGEXINGYEZHUANJIAYANJIUYIJIZHUNXIANFAWEIZHUDECHUQIFENPEIFANGAN,QUEBAOPEIEFENPEIDEXIANGDUIGONGPING,BINGZUIZHONGSHIXIANYIPAIMAIWEIZHUDEPEIEFENPEIZHIDU。CIWAI,HAIYAOJIEHEWOGUOSHIJI,PEIEFENPEICHULEYAOMANZUTANQIANGDUXIAJIANGZHIBIAO,HAIYAOCHONGFENKAOLVJINGJIZENGSUBIANDONG、NENGYUANHECHANYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENGDENGYINSU,BINGGENJUBUTONGXINGYEDEFAZHANGUIHUA,SHIPEIEFENPEIXIANGGULIFAZHANDEXINGYEQINGXIE。

                    3d组六包号价目表(SAN)SHEZHIBIYAODEROUXINGJIZHI,QUEBAOPEIEZONGLIANGSHIDUCONGJIN

                    3d组六包号价目表OUMENGTANSHICHANGDEDUOXIANGGAIGECUOSHISHIZHONGWEIRAOZHEJIEJUEPEIEGONGGUOYUQIUDEWENTIZHANKAI,ZHIDAOSHICHANGWENDINGCHUBEIZHIDUDEGONGBU,SHISHICHANGDUIPEIEZONGLIANGJITANJIAZOUSHIYOULEYIZHIDEYUQI,TANJIAYEYINCIYU2018NIANJINRULEWENDINGSHANGZHANGTONGDAO。YINCI,ZHONGGUOTANSHICHANGZAIJIANLIZHICHUJIUKEYIJIEJIANOUMENGDEXIANGGUANPEIECHUBEIZHIDU,SHEZHILEISIDEROUXINGJIZHI,BIMIANOUMENGTANSHICHANGZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGZOUGUODEWANLU。ZHIYOUSHIDUCONGJINDEPEIEZONGLIANG,CAINENGBAOZHENGWENDINGHELIDETANJIASHUIPING,CONGERCUSHIQIYECONGDANCHUNLVYUEGUODUDAOCAIYONGGENGJIACHUANGXINDESHOUDUANSHISHIJIANPAI。

                    (SI)ZHUBUKUODAKONGPAIQIYEFANWEI,TIGAOTANSHICHANGJIANPAIXIAOLV

                    欧盟碳市场在三个阶段的运行中纳入的行业不断扩大,我国碳市场也应该在碳市场基本稳定运行后尽快纳入更多高能耗行业参与碳市场。火力发电行业是首批也是目前唯一被纳入全国碳市场的行业,由于我国的电价管控机制,电力行业的市场化程度较低,发电企业的成本并不能顺利向下游传导,无法激励终端用户减排,且我国燃煤机组的效率在国际上已处于先进水平,减排潜力有限。因此,尽快将高耗能、高电力需求的终端行业纳入碳市场,才能形成供需联动,增加碳市场活力,提高碳市场的减排效率。

                    (WU)TUOKUANZIYUANJIANPAIXIANGMUQUDAO,DIAODONGSHEHUIDUICCERDEXUQIU

                    ANZHAOQUANGUOTANSHICHANGJIANSHEFANGAN,CCERJIANGZAIQUANGUOTANSHICHANGWENDINGYUNXINGSHIYINRU,BINGZUOWEIYIZHONGJICHUCHANPINCANYUJIAOYI。ERYIJUOUMENGTANSHICHANGDESHIJIYUNXINGJINGYAN,KEYIYUJIWOGUOQUANGUOTANSHICHANGYEJIANGCAIQUXIANZHICUOSHIBIMIANGUODUODECCERDUITANSHICHANGDECHONGJI。DANKAIFAJIANPAIXIANGMUSHIZHONGXIAOQIYECANYUTANJINRONGSHICHANGDEYOUXIAOTUJING,NENGGOUYINDAOSHEHUIZIBENTOUXIANGLVSEDITANXIANGMU。YINCIYINGJINKUAIMINGQUECCERGUIZE,TEBIESHIZHENDUICUNLIANGXIANGMUYINGJINKUAIMINGQUEGUANFANGYIJIAN,BINGJIJIKAITUOSHEHUIDUICCERDEQITAXUQIU,GULIWEINARUKONGPAIFANWEIDEQIYEKAIZHANTANZHONGHEHUODONG,CONGERTIGAOQIANZAICCERYEZHUDECANYUDU。

                    3d组六包号价目表(LIU)FENGFUHECHUANGXINTANJINRONGCHANPIN,CUJINJIAGEFAXIANJIZHIXINGCHENG

                    可交易的碳金融产品数量,市场的商品化程度都会影响市场的流动性,流动性不足将影响到碳价的准确性,且一旦价格过度下跌,碳价无法真实反映出边际减排成本,碳交易就失去促进企业减排的作用。因此,应借鉴欧盟碳市场碳金融产品和服务的经验,积极有序的开展碳金融产品创新,尤其应在条件成熟时建立碳期货市场,增强碳市场的价格发现功能,提供合理的价格预期,为金融机构进行产品的决策和开发提供参考,增强金融机构参与碳市场的积极性和信心。此外,要采用激励机制促使金融机构投入资金和技术经验,参与碳金融服务活动,开展包括碳基金、碳资产质押贷款、碳资产授信、碳保险等各项碳金融服务,推动碳金融体系深化发展。

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