3d组六包号价目表

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                      1. 如何理解电改目标?未来电改的关键突破点在哪些方面?

                        2017-12-18 09:31:53 能源研究俱乐部 作者:崔晓利  点击量: 评论 (0)
                        中国政法大学商学院院长、资本金融研究院院长刘纪鹏的著作《大船掉头——电改十八年反思与展望》详细描述了亲身参与的电改历程。改革开放40年之际,本刊有幸采访到刘院长,聆听他回顾过往历程,剖析关键问题,展望未来方向。

                        ZHUANFANGZHONGGUOZHENGFADAXUESHANGXUEYUANYUANZHANG、ZIBENJINRONGYANJIUYUANYUANZHANGLIUJIPENG

                        DIANLIXINGYEGUANHUGUOJIMINSHENG,SHIGUOMINJINGJIDEZHONGYAOZHIZHUCHANYE。GAIGEKAIFANG40NIANLAI,DIANLIGONGYECHIXUKUAISUFAZHAN,ZAIFAZHANSUDU、GUIMOHEZHILIANGFANGMIANQUDELEJUDACHENGJIU,GAIGEYUFAZHANGUANCHUANQIZHONG。ZHONGGUOZHENGFADAXUESHANGXUEYUANYUANZHANG、ZIBENJINRONGYANJIUYUANYUANZHANGLIUJIPENGDEZHUZUO《DACHUANDIAOTOU——DIANGAISHIBANIANFANSIYUZHANWANG》XIANGXIMIAOSHULEQINSHENCANYUDEDIANGAILICHENG。GAIGEKAIFANG40NIANZHIJI,BENKANYOUXINGCAIFANGDAOLIUYUANZHANG,LINGTINGTAHUIGUGUOWANGLICHENG,POUXIGUANJIANWENTI,ZHANWANGWEILAIFANGXIANG。

                        记者:改革开放40年来,我国电力工业发生了巨大变化。您认为,电力工业发展的主要亮点在哪些方面?

                        LIUJIPENG:

                        3d组六包号价目表40NIANLAI,WOGUODIANLIXINGYEBUDUANFAZHANJINBU,WEISHEHUIJINGJIDEWENDINGFAZHANTIGONGLEKEKAODEDIANLIBAOZHANG。ZAIZHENGFUYOUXINGZHISHOUHEQIYEJINGZHENGHUANJIEWUXINGZHISHOUDEYOUHUAZUHEZHONG,WOGUODIANLICHANYESHIXIANLE“SANGEZUI”DEFAZHAN,JIFUCHUDAIJIAZUIXIAO、FAZHANSUDUZUIKUAI、QUDECHENGJIUZUIDA,ERQIEMEIYOUFASHENGTAIDADEANQUANSHIGU。40NIANGAIGELICHENGZHONG,DIANLIRENCHONGFENGZAIQIAN,MOMOGENGYUN,QIDAOLEBIAOLVHEXIANXINGGUANZUOYONG,BURUSHIDAISHIMING。

                        DIANLIFAZHANDEZUIDALIANGDIANZAIYUFANGFALUN,JIJIEJIANXIFANGJINGYAN,YOUZUNZHONGZHONGGUOGUOQING,XUNXUJIANJIN,ZOUCHULEYITIAOZHONGGUOTESEDEFAZHANZHILU。

                        FANGFALUNSHANGDEXUNXUJIANJINSHOUXIANTIXIANZAIDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGE,CONGFADIANHUANJIEYINRUJINGZHENG,DAOJINXIENIANSHOUDIANCEZENGLIANGGAIGE,ZAIDAOKAOLVPEIDIANZENGLIANGHUANJIEDESHICHANGHUA,WEILAIKENENGHAIHUIZAINONGDIAN、CUNLIANGSHOUDIANSHANGFANGKAI,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHUPEIFENKAI,SHICHANGDIAOJIEDELINGYUHEFANCHOUZAIYIBUBUKUODA。CONGFASHUPEISHOUHUANJIESHICHANGHUADEXUNXUJIANJIN、BUDUANSHENHUA,DAOZUIZHONGMUBIAO——FANGKAILIANGTOU、GUANZHUZHONGJIAN,DIANLICHANYEFAZHANJIBAOLIULEZIRANLONGDUANDETEDIAN,YOUYINRULESHICHANGHUAJINGZHENG。

                        ZUZHITIXISHANG,YESHI“MOZHESHITOUGUOHE”。ZUIZAOCHENGLIDIANLIBU,HOULAIDIANLIBU、GUOJIADIANLIGONGSISHUANGGUIBINGCUN,ZAIDAOQUXIAODIANLIBUZUJIANGUOJIADIANLIGONGSI,TICHU“SIBUZOU”ZHANLVE,HOULAIZAI2002NIANYOUQUXIAOGUOJIADIANLIGONGSICHENGLI“5+2+4”DEDIANLIZUZHITIXI。ZUZHITIXIBANSUISHIDAIYANBIAN,YEZAIBUDUANDIAOZHENG。

                        CHANQUANGUISHUSHANG,JIYOUDADANCHUANGXIN,YOUNENGBUDUANDIAOZHENGJIUTIZHIJIUSILUSHIYINGXINHUANJING。GAIGECHUQI,CONGZHENGFUBANDIANDAOSHEHUIBANDIAN,CONGGUOJIACHUZIDAOMINJIANCHUZI,SHIXIANLELIANGZHONGTIZHI、LIANGZHONGZIJINYOUXIAOJIEHE。ZUIZAODEJIZIBANDIANMIBULEGUOJIABANDIANZIJINDEBUZU,JIZIBANDIANDELISHIZUOYONGBUNENGFOUREN。DANSUIZHESHICHANGHUA、GUIFANHUAFAZHAN,DIANLIXINGYEYOUKAISHIJIUZHENGJIZIBANDIANZHONGBUSHIYINGSHICHANGJINGJIJIANKANGFAZHANDEWENTI。ZAIZIBENSHICHANGSHANG,DIANLIQIYEYECONGGUOQUDESIHUGENSHICHANGJUEYUAN,DAOZHENZHENGCHENGWEISHICHANGZHUTI,CHENGWEIZIBENSHICHANGJIYOUDESHANGSHIGONGSI。

                        HUIGUDIANLIGONGYEDEFAZHANLICHENG,ZUNZHONGLEXINGYEDEJIBENGUILV,CONGZUICHURENWEIDIANLICHANYESIHUANJIEDOUSHIZIRANLONGDUAN,DAOZUIZHONGJIZHONGDAOSHUDIANWANGDEZIRANLONGDUAN,QITAHUANJIEZHUBUYINRUSHICHANGJINGZHENG。SHIZHIJINRI,WOMENRENGRANZUNSHOUZHESHUDIANWANGZIRANLONGDUANHEQITASANGEHUANJIESHICHANGHUAJIEHEDEFANGXIANG。ZHEITIAODAOLUZHISUOYIBEIZHENGMINGSHIZHENGQUEDE,JIUSHIYINWEIJIJIEJIANLEXIFANGDIANLICHANYEFAZHANDEJINGYAN,YOUTICHULEZHONGGUOZIJIDEZONGTIFAZHANFANGXIANG;JIFENLILEZHENGFUHEDIANLIQIYEDEZHINENG,TONGSHIYOUYOUZHENGFUYINDAOQIYE、QIYECANYUJINGZHENGDEXIETONGSHEJI。SUOYISHUO,WOGUODIANYECHANYEFAZHANDEDAOLU,ZAIMOZHESHITOUGUOHEBEIJINGXIA,YOUYOUTONGPANKAOLV,SHIXUNXUJIANJINDEGUOCHENG。

                        记者:我国电力市场化改革已进行二十年之久,电改复杂性和难度有目共睹。您认为,我国电改历程可划分为哪些重要阶段?

                        LIUJIPENG:

                        3d组六包号价目表DIANLIKANCHENGSHIGUOMINJINGJIDIYIJICHUCHANYE。DIANLIGAIGEJINSHIQUANJUXINGGAIGEDEYIBUFEN,DANDIANLIDEJICHUXINGHEZHONGYAOXING,JUEDINGLEDIANLIGAIGEDUIGUOMINJINGJIDECHIXUFAZHANHESHEHUIANDINGJUYOUZHIGUANZHONGYAODEYIYI。

                        3d组六包号价目表WOGUODIANLIGAIGEBUNENGYI2002NIAN5HAOWENDEBANFAZUOWEIQIDIAN,ERYINGYI1997NIAN1YUEGUOJIADIANLIGONGSIDEZUJIANZUOWEIBIAOZHI。WORENWEIZHONGGUODIANLIGAIGEKEHUAFENWEISANGEJIEDUAN:

                        DIYIJIEDUAN,CONG1997NIAN1YUEGUOJIADIANLIGONGSICHENGLIBINGYUDIANLIBUSHUANGGUIYUNXINGQIDAO2002NIAN3YUE,DIANLIGAIGEYOUGUODIANGONGSIZHUDAO,TICHULE“SIBUZOU”ZHANLVE,JI,DIYIBU,CHENGLIGUODIANGONGSI,CHEXIAODIANLIBU,ZHENGQIFENKAI;DIERBU,SHIXINGGONGSIZHIGAIZU,SHITIHUA,CHANGWANGFENKAI,JINXINGJINGJIASHANGWANGSHIDIAN;DISANBU,QUANGUOLIANWANG,QUANMIANTUIKAICHANGWANGFENKAI、JINGJIASHANGWANG,XINGCHENGDIANLISHICHANG;DISIBU,WANQUANSHIXIANPEISHOUFANGKAI,GUODIANGONGSIBIANCHENGGUOJIASHUDIANWANGGONGSI。

                        DIERJIEDUAN,2002NIAN3YUEDAO2015NIAN3YUE,2002NIAN3YUEGUOWUYUANBANFA《DIANLITIZHIGAIGEFANGAN》(GUOFA〔2002〕5HAOWENJIAN),5HAOWENQUXIAOLEGUOJIADIANLIGONGSI,XINSHECHENGLILEYOUGUOWANGHENANWANGLIANGJIADIANWANGGONGSIYIJIWUJIAFADIANJITUANHESIJIAFUYEJITUANZUCHENGDEDIANLIZUZHITIXI。

                        DISANJIEDUAN,2015NIAN3YUE15RI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANBANFA《GUANYUJINYIBUSHENHUADIANLITIZHIGAIGEDERUOGANYIJIAN》(ZHONGFA〔2015〕9HAOWENJIAN),“9HAOWEN”YANGQILE“5HAOWEN”,BAZHONGDIANFANGZAICHAIFENSHUPEICUNLIANGDIANWANGDEGAIGESILU。LIANGDIANYOUSAN:DIYI,MINGQUETICHU“GUANZHUZHONGJIAN,FANGKAILIANGTOU”,JI,GUANZHUSHUPEIDIANJIA,FANGKAIFADIANHESHOUDIANCESHICHANG;DIER,GAIBIANDIANWANGYINGLIMOSHI,RANGDIANWANGGONGSICONGYIWANGDEGOUSHOUDIANCHAJIAZHUANBIANWEICHENGBENJIACHENGHELILIRUNDEJIAGEMOSHI;DISAN,ZAIDIANWANGSHOUDIANCEDUISHEHUIZIBENKAIFANG,GOUJIANDUOYUANHUASHOUDIANZHUTI,ZUJIANSHOUDIANGONGSI。

                        记者:您多年来所提的电力改革观点,与2015年9号文提出的电力改革方向相合。您认为,该如何理解电力体制改革的目标?

                        LIUJIPENG:

                        HENXINWEIWODEDIANLIGAIGESIXIANGJINGZHULEDIANLIGAIGEDESHIJIANJIANYAN,XINWEIZHIYUYUJIAJIANXINWOGUODIANLIGAIGEZHIYAOZUNZHONGGUOQINGHEDIANLICHANYEDEZIRANGUILV,PIPANJIEJIANGUOJIJINGYAN,ZHANGWOZHENGQUEDEGAIGEFANGFALUN,JIUYIDINGHUICHENGGONG。

                        DIANLITIZHIGAIGEDEMUBIAODAODISHISHENME?ZAIWOKANLAI,SHICHANGJINGJISHIXIAOFEIZHEZHUDAODEJINGJI,DIANLIGAIGEDEZHONGJIMUBIAOLIYINGDINGWEIYUWEIXIAOFEIZHEHEYONGHUTIGONGZHIYOUJIALIAN、ANQUANDEDIANLICHANPINHEFUWU,SHIXIAOFEIZHEDEDAOSHIHUI,TONGSHICUJINJINGJIXIAOYI。ERDAPOLONGDUAN、YINRUJINGZHENG、PEIYUWANSHANSHICHANG、JIANGDIDIANLICHENGBENHETIGAODIANLIGONGYEXIAOLVJINJINSHISHIXIANZHEIYIZHONGJIMUBIAODESHOUDUANERYI。FENQINGCHUDIANLIGAIGEDESHOUDUANHEMUBIAOZHIGUANZHONGYAO,ERZHEBUNENGHUNXIAO,GENGBUNENGTIDAI。

                        改革并不是目的,改革只是手段。改革要循序渐进、可逆,而不能是“破碎式”改革而没有回旋余地。2002年启动的电改,网厂分开后,虽然发电主体多元化了,但竞价上网未能实现,国家电网对发电企业统购包销的购电模式并未改变,人们期待的大用户和厂商直接见面、国家电网仅收过网费的新模式也未能推出。2015年新一轮电改3d组六包号价目表启动,核心是“放开两头、管住中间”,逐步放开增量配电与售电业务,引入多元化的市场主体,形成竞争充分的市场体系。我国电力改革历经多年徘徊,终于避免了“休克疗法”拆分电网的“破碎式”改革,驶入从增量售电侧入手推进电力改革逐步走向深入的“大船慢掉头”的正确航道。

                        3d组六包号价目表CONGDIANLIGONGYEDETEDIANLAISHUO,WOGUODIANLIGAIGEYINGDANGZUODAOBAOLIUZIRANLONGDUAN,DAPOJINGJILONGDUAN,FEICHUXINGZHENGLONGDUAN,JITONGGUOCHANGWANGFENKAI,BAFADIANHESHOUDIANHUANJIETUIRUJINGZHENGLINGYU,BASHUDIANHEPEIDIANHUANJIEBAOCHIZAIZIRANLONGDUANLINGYU;TONGSHI,ZAIJIANGUANHUANJIE,FEICHUJIUTIZHIXINGTAIXIAYIDIANJIAJITOUZILIXIANGFANGMIANDEXINGZHENGSHENPIWEIHEXINNEIRONGDEXINGZHENGLONGDUAN。

                        记者:2015年新电改9号文发布,被誉为“啃硬骨头的改革”正式拉开帷幕。您认为,未来电改的关键突破点在哪些方面?

                        LIUJIPENG:

                        WEILAIGAIGEZHONG,RENGYAOGAODUZHONGSHIDIANLIGAIGEDEFANGFALUN,XUANZHUNXIAYIBUDIANLIGAIGEDEFANGXIANGHEQIERUDIAN。ZONGGUANGUOQUZHONGGUODIANGAILISHIJINCHENG,WODEJIELUNSHI:ZHONGGUOWEILAIDIANLIGAIGEFANGXIANGDECHUFADIANYINGGAISHICONGDAPODIANJIALONGDUANSHENPIRUSHOU,ERBUSHICONGDIANWANGRUSHOUJINXINGJIANDANCHAIFEN。DIANGAIFANGMIAN,WOJUEDEZHUYAOYOUSANGEGUANJIANDIANXUYAOTUPO。

                        DIYI,ZHENGFUDEJIAOSEWENTI。GAIGEHEXINWENTIZAIYUDIANJIA,ZHEISHISHICHANGTIZHIHEJIHUATIZHIDEQUBIEZHICHU,YESHIPANDUANSHIZHENGFUGUANDIANBANDIANHAISHIZAIZHENGFUZHIDAOXIAFAHUISHICHANGJINGJIQIYEZHUTIZUOYONGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。DIANGAIYAOTUPOJIUDEZAIDIANJIASHANGTUPO,ERGAIGEZUINANDIAN,YINGGAISHIDIANJIABEIHOUZHENGFUZHEIZHIYOUXINGDESHOU。ERZHEIZHISHOUQIAQIASHIGAIGEZHEZISHENZAIFUZE,GAIGEZHEKENBUKENFANGQIZIJISHOUZHONGDESHENPIQUAN,ZUNZHONGSHICHANGDEGUILV,ZHEIKONGPASHIGAIGEDANGZHONGDENANDIAN。

                        3d组六包号价目表DIER,DIANWANGHEDIANWANGGONGSIDEBIANJIEWENTI。ZHONGGUOYAOBANQUANGUODEDAWANG,DAWANGYIWEIZHEDASHICHANG,DANDASHICHANGBUYIDINGDOUSHIDAGONGSI。ZAIYUNYINGDANGZHONG,DIANWANGDEZIRANBIANJIEHEQIYEDEZUZHIBIANJIEBINGBUSHIYONGYUANPINGHENGTONGYI。MOUXIEQINGKUANGXIA,QUANGUODIANWANGSHIYOUYIJIADIANWANGGONGSILAIGUAN。DANCONGZHANGYUANKAN,QUANGUODAWANGYEKEYIYOUJIJIAGONGSITONGGUOSHICHANGHETONG、XIEYILAIGONGTONGGUANLI。SUOYI,QUANGUOYIZHANGDAWANGBINGBUFANGAIDIANWANGZUZHITIDAPOLONGDUANSHIXINGJINGZHENGDEBIANGE。

                        DISAN,DIANLITIZHIGAIGEDEYIFAZHIDIANWENTI。MUQIANDIANLIFAZHIBUJIANQUAN,FALVTIXIBUSHIYING,DIANLIFAZHIJINHAIWEIGENGGAI。DIANLIFAYOUSHEILAIGAI?RUGUOSHIBUMENLIFA,MIANBULEYAOQIANGDIAOBUMENLIYI。RUGUOGAIBIANLIFA,YOUKENENGHUIGEDAOZIJI,YIZHIWEINENGCHUTAI。DANSHI,FALVZHONGGUIBIXUDEGENSHANG。

                        记者:电力行业也是混改重要领域,电力企业在产融结合上做了多种尝试。请您简要谈谈电力企业产融结合的未来发展方向。

                        LIUJIPENG:

                        WORENWEI,DIANLISHISHICHANRONGJIEHESHIZHONGYAODEFAZHANSILU。DIYI,DIANLISHIGUOMINJINGJIDEDIYIJICHUCHANYE,DIANJIABUNENGWUXIANDIZHANG。YINCIQIBUCHUQI,BUGUANZAICHENGSHIGUOJIAJICHUSHESHIDEPUSHESHANG,HAISHITEGAOYAJIXINJISHUXINYETAIDEYINGYONGSHANG,DIANLIDOUSHIGUANGUOJIADESHENGTAI、JINGJI、ZHENGZHIANQUAN。SUOYI,ZAIGUOJIAZIJINYOUXIANQINGKUANGXIA,YAOJINLIANGDIAODONGDIANLIQIYEDEJIJIXING。

                        SHOUXIAN,CHANRONGJIEHEKEYIWEIDIANLIZHUYEFUWU。DIANLIZUOWEIZHONGYAODESHIYELINGYUBANJINRONG,SHIZUIHAODEJINRONGWEISHITIJINGJIFUWU。DIANLIQIYEDEFAZHANXUYAOYUNYONGDUOZHONGZIBENJINRONGSHOUDUAN,GUPIAO、ZHAIQUANDENG。CHANRONGXIETONGNENGMIBUDIANLICHUANGXINFAZHANTOUZIDEBUZU,TONGSHIZHEIYESHIZHONGYAODESHICHANGJINGJIZHUANXINGDEHEXINNEIRONG。ZHEIDUIGUOJIADECHANYETIZHIGAIGE、JINRONGTIZHIGAIGEYEYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

                        QICI,CHANRONGJIEHEKEYIGUIBIFENGXIAN。DIANLIRENBANJINRONG、CHANYEBANJINRONG,SHOUXIANZUOWEIFUWUPINGTAIWEINEIBUCHENGYUANFUWU,RUDIANLIDEQIHUOJIAOYI、ZHENGQUAN、ZULINDENG,DALIANGDEFEIYINXINGJINRONGJIGOUYOUQISHIHEDIANLICHANRONGJIEHE。DIANLIRENBAJINRONGYONGZAIZIJIFUWUPINGTAISHANG,KEYIKONGZHIJINRONGFENGXIAN。

                        SUOYI,CONGDIANLIRUSHOUSHIXIANCHANRONGJIEHE,YICHANPINJINGYINGWEITI,ZIBENJINGYINGWEIYONG,XUSHIJIEHE,SHITUOXUXIANGSHIDEYOUXIAOFANGSHI。CONGGUOJIJINGYANKAN,DIANLICHANYEBENSHENGENJINRONGDEJIEHEYEYOUHENDUOCHENGGONGJINGYAN。SUOYI,DIANLIQIYEFAZHANZHONGRUHEFAHUIHAOSHICHANGDEZUOYONG,RUHEWAJUEQIANLI,JIZHONGCAILI,CHANRONGJIEHESHIFEICHANGYOUXIAODEFANGSHI,ERQIESHIZUIHAODECHANYEJIEHELINGYU,WEILAIYIDINGHUIDAYOUZUOWEI。

                        3d组六包号价目表YUANWENSHOUFAYU《DIANLIJUECEYUYUQINGCANKAO》2018NIAN12YUE14RIDI47QI

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