3d组六包号价目表

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                      基于价值公平分配的电力市场竞争机制设计

                      2018-01-25 10:26:09 电力系统自动化 作者:王剑晓 钟海旺 夏清等  点击量: 评论 (0)
                      有序推进电价机制改革,构建“公平、开放、有序、竞争、完整”的电力市场体系,是中国新一轮电力体制改革的关键任务。

                      3d组六包号价目表ZHAIYAO:YOUXUTUIJINDIANJIAJIZHIGAIGE,GOUJIAN“GONGPING、KAIFANG、YOUXU、JINGZHENG、WANZHENG”DEDIANLISHICHANGTIXI,SHIZHONGGUOXINYILUNDIANLITIZHIGAIGEDEGUANJIANRENWU。MUQIANGUOWAIDIANLISHICHANGPUBIANCAIYONGBIANJIJIAGECHUQINGDEJIAOYIJIZHI,RANERLILUNYUSHIJIANJUNZHENGMING,BIANJIJIAGEJIZHINANYICUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBAOJIA,NANYIJIEJUEDIANLIXITONGXINXIBUDUICHENGDENANTI。WEICUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANLIXINGBAOJIA、SHIXIANDIANLIZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHI,TICHUYIZHONGJIYUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIDEDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHI。SHOUXIAN,FENXILEBIANJIJIAGENANYIBAOZHENGFADIANJIZUZHENSHIBAOJIA、DAOZHISHICHANGXIAOLVSUNSHIDEXIANXIANGHEYUANYIN;JINER,JIYUVickrey-Clarke-Groves(VCG)JIZHISHEJILILUN,TICHUSHIYINGDIANLIRIQIANSHICHANGDEJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHI,LILUNZHENGMINGSUOTIJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG、GETILIXINGYIJIXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA,BINGJIESHILEGAIJIZHISHIXIANJILIXIANGRONGYUANLIDEJINGJIXUEYIYI。JIYUIEEE30JIEDIANHE118JIEDIANXITONGDESUANLIFENXIYANZHENGLEGAIJIZHIDEYOUXIAOXING。

                      0 引言

                      在中共中央、国务院发布的《关于进一步深化电力体制改革的若干意见》[1]指导下,中国各省因地制宜,积极开展电力体制改革试点方案,推进电力交易市场化进程[2-3]。中国电力市场的交易和结算主要沿用国外电力市场现有的机制[4-5]。美国 PJM 电力市场于1998年引入基于成本投标和节点边际电价的实时市场体系,并于2000年引入日前能量和调频市场[6]。此外,美国加州、得州、新英格兰、纽约、中西部等电力市场均采取以边际电价作为电力交易和结算价格的市场机制。英国电力市场于2001年开展电力体制改革,由集中交易模式(Pool)改变为以中长期双边交易为主、平衡机制和不平衡结算为辅的市场模式(Neta)[7],从而抑制集中竞价的市场力。北欧电力市场以现货市场为基础、辅助服务和金融市场为补充,其现货市场主要采用日前、日内和实时市 场 有 序 协 调 的 运 营 模 式,由 北 欧 电 力 交 易 所(NordPool)组织集中竞价,同样采用边际电价出清的结算机制[8]。

                      MUQIAN,GUOWAIDIANLIXIANHUOSHICHANGPUBIANCAIYONGBIANJIJIAGECHUQINGDEJIAOYIJIZHI,RANERLILUNYUSHIJIANJUNZHENGMING,BIANJIJIAGEJIZHINANYICUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBAOJIA,NANYIJIEJUEDIANLISHICHANGXINXIBUDUICHENGDENANTI。ZAISHICHANGGONGQIUGUANXIJINZHANGHUOZHECUNZAISHUDIANZUSAIDEQINGKUANGXIA,FADIANJIZUJUYOUXUBAOGAOJIADEJILIHECHONGDONG[9],CONGERTAIGAOBIANJICHUQINGJIAGE,XIANZHUKUODAZISHENLIYI。MEIGUO PJM、JIAZHOUDENGDIANLISHICHANGZAI2000NIANCENGCHUXIANJIAGEJIANFENGCHAOGUOPINGSHIDIANJIA10BEIDEQINGKUANG[10]。WENXIAN[11]ZHICHU,SHICHANGLIDECUNZAIJIANGZUAISHICHANGYOUXIAOJINGZHENG,ERSHICHANGCAOZONGHESHUDIANZUSAISHIDIANLISHICHANGZHONGSHICHANGLIDELIANGGEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。WENXIAN[12]TONGGUOCELVEXINGBAOJIAMOXINGMONIJIAZHOUDIANLISHICHANGDEJIAGEDINGXIANXIANGYIJISHICHANGXIAOLVSUNSHI。WENXIAN[13]YANJIUMEIGUODONGBUDIANWANGDESHICHANGLIQINGKUANG,MONI2725TAIFADIANJIZUCELVEXINGCANYUSHICHANG,BINGWEIMEIGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANTIGONGDIANJIAGUANZHIDEZHENGCEJIANYI。YINCIZAISHICHANGHUANJINGXIA,ZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHIDEZUIJIAZHUANGTAISHISUOYOUSHICHANGCHENGYUANSHENBAOZHENSHIDEBIANJICHENGBEN,YOUYUSHICHANGLIDECUNZAI,BEILIZHENSHICHENGBENDEBAOJIAFANGSHIJIANGSUNSHISHICHANGXIAOLV。WEIJIEJUEBIANJIJIAGEDEBIDUAN,POQIEXUYAOYANJIUMANZUJILIXIANGRONGYUANLI、CUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBAOJIADEDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHI。

                      3d组六包号价目表JILIXIANGRONGSHIZHISHICHANGCHENGYUANLIXINGSHIXIANGETILIYIZUIDAHUADECELVE,YUJIZHISHEJISUOQIWANGDECELVEYIZHI,JISHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBIAOXIAN(truthfulness)SHIQIZUIYOUCELVE。ZHENDUIMANZUJILIXIANGRONGDESHICHANGJIZHI,GUONEIWAIYIYOUXIANGGUANYANJIU。WENXIAN[14]YANJIUYIBANSHANGPINZAIRUOGANSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHIJIANDEFENPEIJIZHIHEFANGFA,GAIJIZHIZAIBILIGONGPINGFENPEI (proportionalfairness)DEJICHUSHANG,SHIXIANSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBAOJIA。WENXIAN[15]TICHUYIZHONGJIYUVickrey-Clarke-Groves(VCG)LILUNDELIYIFENPEIJIZHI,YINGYONGYUFENGDIANJUHESHANGDUIFENGDIANJIZUJINXINGLIYIJIESUAN,BINGJILIFENGDIANJIZUZHENSHISHENBAOFADIANGAILVFENBUHANSHU。 WENXIAN[16]DUIBIJIEDIANBIANJI DIANJIA(locationalmarginalprice)HEJIYU VCG DEJIEDIANPINGJUNDIANJIADEQUBIE,LILUNZHENGMINGJIYU VCG DEJIEDIANPINGJUNDIANJIAGAOYUJIEDIANBIANJIDIANJIA。WENXIAN[17]TICHUYIZHONGJIESUANJIZHI,LILUNZHENGMINGGAIJIZHIMANZUSHOUZHIPINGHENG、JILIXIANGRONGDENGXINGZHI,BINGTONGGUOCITIDUSUANFAJINXINGQIUJIE。WENXIAN[18]JIANG VCGLILUNYINGYONGYUCHUNENGSHANGDUIDIANCHICHUNENGDEJIESUAN,CONGERSHIXIANDIANCHICHUNENGZHENSHISHENBAOCANSHU。

                      3d组六包号价目表XIANYOUYANJIUYIJIANG VCG JIZHIYINGYONGYUYIBANSHANGPIN、FENGDIANHECHUNENGDAILISHANGDEJILIXIANGRONGJIZHISHEJIZHONG,RANERZHENDUIDIANLIRIQIANSHICHANGCHUQING、MANZUJILIXIANGRONGYUANLIDESHICHANGJIZHIXIANYOUBAODAO。JILIXIANGRONGYUANLI,BENZHISHANGYAOQIUSHICHANGCHENGYUANANZHAOZISHENDEJIAZHIHUODESHOUYI,SHIXIANGETIYUJITILIYIZUIDAHUAMUBIAODEYIZHIXING。ZAIZHONGGUODIANLISHICHANGJIANSHEZHONG,RUGUONENGANSHICHANGCHENGYUANDEJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEILIYI,JIANGYOUXIAOCUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBAOJIA,JIEJUEDIANLISHICHANGXINXIBUDUICHENGDENANTI,JINYIBUTUIJINDIANLITIZHIGAIGEDEFAZHAN[19]。WEICI,BENWENTICHUJIYUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIDEDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHI,CHUANGXINDIANZONGJIERUXIA。

                      BENWENSHOUXIANFENXIBIANJIJIAGENANYIBAOZHENGFADIANJIZUZHENSHIBAOJIA、DAOZHISHICHANGXIAOLVSUNSHIDEXIANXIANGHEYUANYIN。JIYUVCGLILUN,DINGYIYITAIFADIANJIZUDEJIAZHIWEIGAIJIZUDUIQITAJIZUDETIDAIXIAOYI,JIGAIJIZUCANYURIQIANSHICHANGQIANHOU,DUIQITAJIZUFADIANCHENGBENDEBIANHUA。JINER,LILUNZHENGMINGJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG、GETILIXINGYIJIXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUADEXINGZHI,CONGJINGJIXUEHANYI,JIESHIGAIJIZHISHIXIANJILIXIANGRONGDEJILI。

                      1 数学模型

                      3d组六包号价目表1.1 RIQIANSHICHANGCHUQINGMOXING

                      BUSHIYIBANXING,BENWENYOURUXIAJIASHE:①JIASHEMEIGEJIEDIANZUIDUOZHIYOUYITAIFADIANJIZU(DUIYUMEIYOUFADIANJIZUDEJIEDIAN,ZHIXUJIANGGAI JIE DIAN JI ZU CHENG BEN HAN SHU、GONG LV SHANG XIA XIAN SHE ZHI WEI0),GEJIZUDECHENGBENHANSHUWEIZHENGDETUHANSHU,RUERCIHANSHU;②JIASHEBUKAOLVWANGLUOSUNHAOHEWUGONGGONGLV,CAIYONGZHILIUCHAOLIUMOXINGCHUQINGRIQIANSHICHANG;③JIASHEGEJIEDIANDIANLIFUHEGANGXING,KAOLVDANSHIDUANDEDIANLIGONGXUPINGHENGWENTI。

                      ZAIXIANYOUCHENGSHUDEDIANLISHICHANG,RUMEIGUODEZHOUSHICHANGERCOT(ElectricReliabilityCouncilofTexas)ZHONG,FA DIAN JI ZU CAN YU RI QIAN SHI CHANG,BING XIANG XI TONG DU LI DIAO DU YUAN(independentsystem operator,ISO)SHEN BAO CHENG BEN,YOUISO JIANLIRIQIANSHICHANGMOXING,SHENGCHENGJIEDIANDIANJIAYONGYUSHICHANGJIAOYIJIESUAN[20]。KAOLVYIGEJUYOU N GEJIEDIAN、K TIAOXIANLUDESHUDIANWANGLUO,JIYUZHILIUCHAOLIUDERIQIANSHICHANGCHUQINGMOXINGWEI

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                      3d组六包号价目表SHI(2)ZHISHI(5)FENBIEBIAOSHIXITONGGONGXUPINGHENGYUESHU、XIANLUCHUANSHURONGLIANGYUESHUYIJIFADIANJIZUCHULIYUESHU。YOUHUAQIUJIEMOXING (SHI(1)ZHI SHI(5)),JI KE DE DAO FA DIAN JI ZU DE CHU LIJIHUA。

                      1.2 JIZHISHEJI

                      WEIFENXIMOUZHONGJIAGEJIZHIDEYOULIE,JIZHISHEJILILUNTICHUYIXIEBIAOZHUNHUADEXINGZHIYUTIAOJIAN。BENWENZHONGDIANGUANZHUXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA (cost minimization,CM)、GETILIXING(individualrationality,IR)、JILIXIANGRONG(incentivecompatibility,IC)YIJISHOUZHIPINGHENG(budgetbalance,BB)。XIAMIANFENBIEMIAOSHUXINGZHIHANYI

                      1)XITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA

                      BENWENJIASHEXITONGFUHEWEIGANGXING。XITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUASHIZHI,TONGGUORIQIANSHICHANGCHUQINGYOUHUASUODEDEZUIYOUFADIANCHULIJIHUA,NENGGOUDADAOJIZUZHENSHICHENGBENZUIXIAOHUADEYUNXINGZHUANGTAI。

                      3d组六包号价目表DANGSUOYOUFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENSHI,RIQIANSHICHANGCHUQINGMOXINGZIDONGMANZUXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUADEXINGZHI;ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,FADIANJIZUXUJIABAOJIA,KENENGDAOZHIFADIANCHULIJIHUANANYISHIXIANZHENSHIFADIANCHENGBENDEZUIXIAOHUA。

                      2)GETILIXING

                      3d组六包号价目表GETILIXING,YOUCHENGCANYUYUESHU,SHIZHIFADIANJIZUCANYUDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGSHIZIYUANDE[20-21]。DUIYUMANZUGETILIXINGDEJIZHI,GEFADIANJIZUDEJINGLIRUNBUXIAOYULING,FOUZEGAIFADIANJIZUJIANGXUANZETUICHUDIANLISHICHANG。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,GETILIXINGJINBAOZHENGFADIANJIZUDEBIANDONGCHENGBENNENGGOUSHOUHUI,FADIANJIZUDETOUZIHUOGUDINGCHENGBENBINGFEIBENWENJIZHISUOGUANZHUDEZHONGDIAN。SHISHISHANG,ZHURUMEIGUO PJM DENGDIANLISHICHANG,SHITONGGUORONGLIANGSHICHANGJIXIANGGUANJIZHILAIJIEJUEFADIANJIZUDETOUZICHENGBEN。

                      3)JILIXIANGRONG

                      1972NIAN,MEIGUOJINGJIXUEJIA Leonid HurwiczTICHUJILIXIANGRONGDEGAINIAN。ZAISHICHANGJINGJIZHONG,MEIGELIXINGSHICHANGCHENGYUANDOUHUIYOUZILIDEYIMIAN,QIGERENXINGWEIHUIANZILIDEGUIZEXINGWEIXINGDONG;RUGUOYOUYIZHONGJIZHI,SHISHICHANGCHENGYUANZHUIQIUGERENLIYIDEXINGWEI,YUJITISHIXIANJIAZHIZUIDAHUADEMUBIAOXIANGWENHE,ZHEIZHONGJIZHIJIUMANZUJILIXIANGRONG[22]。ZAIDIANLISHICHANGZHONG,YIZHONGDIANJIAJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONGYIWEIZHE,GEFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHIDEFADIANCHENGBENSHIQIZUIYOUXUANZE,ERBUSHICELVEXINGSHENBAOXUJIADEFADIANCHENGBEN。

                      3d组六包号价目表JILI XIANG RONG JU TI KE FEN WEI ZHAN YOU CE LVE JI LI XIANG RONG(dominant-strategyincentivecompatibility)HEBEIYESI—NA SHEN JI LI XIANG RONG (Bayesian-Nash incentivecompatibility)。ZHANYOUCELVEJILIXIANGRONGBIAOSHI,MOUFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHIFADIANCHENGBENSHIZHANYOUCELVE,WULUNQITAJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHIYUFOU;BEIYESI—NASHENJILIXIANGRONGBIAOSHI,MOUFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHIFADIANCHENGBENSHIZUIYOUXUANZE,RUGUOQITAJIZUDOUZHENSHIBAOJIA。KEJIAN,ZHANYOUCELVEJILIXIANGRONGSHIYUESHULIGENGQIANGDEXINGZHI,BENWENKAOLVZHANYOUCELVEJILIXIANGRONG。

                      4)SHOUZHIPINGHENG

                      ZAIDIANLISHICHANGZHONG,XITONGDULIDIAODUSHIFEIYINGLIJIGOU。LIRU,MEI GUO DE ISO SHI YOU LIAN BANG NENG YUAN GUAN LI WEI YUAN HUI(FederalEnergy RegulatoryCommission,FERC)JIANGUAN,ZHUYAOFUZEXIEDIAO、KONGZHIHEJIANKONGDIANLIXITONGYUNXINGDEJIGOU。YINCI,SHOUZHIPINGHENGBIAOSHIXITONGDIAODUCONGDIANLIFUHEZHENGSHOUDEFEIYONGBUXIAOYUXIANGFADIANJIZUZHIFUDEFEIYONG[20-21]。

                      1.3 BIANJIJIAGELILUN

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                      3d组六包号价目表ZAIWANQUANJINGZHENGDEDIANLISHICHANGZHONG,GESHICHANGCHENGYUANZUOWEIJIAGEJIESHOUZHE,ZISHENBAOJIABUHUIYINGXIANGXITONGBIANJIJIAGE,YINCI,YIJIEDIANDIANJIAJINXINGSHICHANGJIAOYIHEJIESUANNENGGOUSHIXIANSHEHUIFULIZUIYOU。RANER,XIANSHIZHONGNANYIDADAOWANQUANJINGZHENGSHICHANG,FADIANJIZUKEYITONGGUOCELVEXINGBAOJIA,YIGAIBIANBIANJIDIANJIACONGERZUIDAHUAZISHENXIAOYI。YINCI,ANZHAOBIANJIDIANJIAJIAOYIHEJIESUANDEDIANLISHICHANGBUNENGYIZHISHICHANGCHENGYUANXUBAOGAOJIA,NANYISHIXIANJILIXIANGRONG,SHENZHIBUNENGDADAOXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUADEZHUANGTAI。

                      2 价值公平分配机制设计

                      3d组六包号价目表WEICUJINFADIANJIZUZHENSHIBAOJIA、SHIXIANXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA,BENWENJIEJIAN VCG JIZHI,TICHUSHIYINGDIANLIRIQIANSHICHANGDEJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHI。

                      2.1 VCGJIZHIGAISHU

                      ZAIJIZHISHEJILILUNZHONG,VCG JIZHISHIYIZHONGJILISHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBIAOXIANDEJIZHISHEJIFANGFA。VCG JIZHIDEJIESUANGUIZESHIANZHAOYIGESHICHANGCHENGYUANDUIQITASHICHANGCHENGYUANDETIDAIXIAOYI JIN XING JIE SUAN。VCG JI ZHI YOU William Vickrey,EdwardH.ClarkeHE TheodoreGrovesSANWEIJINGJIXUEJIADEXINGSHIZUHEMINGMING,YIJINIANTAMENZAIXINXIBUDUICHENGTIAOJIANXIAJILILILUNZHONGDEGONGXIAN。William VickreyHELINGYIWEIJINGJIXUEJIAYEYINCIHUODE1996NIANDENUOBEIERJINGJIXUEJIANG。

                      3d组六包号价目表2.2 JIYUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIDEDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHI

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                      SHI(8)DINGYILEJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIDEJIESUANFANGSHI。SHIZHONGDENGHAOYOUDUANDIYIXIANGBIAOSHI,QUDIAOFADIANJIZUiHOU,QITAJIZUCANYURIQIANSHICHANGDEFADIANCHENGBEN;DIERGEKUOHAOXIANGBIAOSHI,ZAIBAOHANFADIANJIZUiDECHUQINGMOSHIXIA,QITAFADIANJIZUDEFADIANCHENGBEN。LIANGXIANGXIANGJIANWEIFADIANJIZUiDUIQITAJIZUDETIDAIXIAOYI,JIJIZUiCANYURIQIANSHICHANGQIANHOUDUIQITAJIZUFADIANCHENGBENDEYINGXIANG。

                      3d组六包号价目表JIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIDEJINGJIXUEYIYIZAIYU,LIYONGSHICHANGCHENGYUANJIANDETIDAIXIAOYIDINGYIQIJIAZHI,BINGANZHAOGAIJIAZHIJIESUAN,CONGERSHIXIANGETIYUJITILIYIZUIDAHUADEYIZHIXING。

                      2.3 JIZHIXINGZHIZHENGMING

                      YIYOUYANJIUYANZHENGBIANJIDIANJIAMANZUGETILIXING(YOUJIZUBAOJIABUXIAOYUQIZHENSHICHENGBENKEDE)HESHOUZHIPINGHENG(YOUWENXIAN[23]ZHENGMING,KEZONGJIEWEIANZHAOJIEDIANDIANJIACONGFUHESHOUFEIBUXIAOYUXIANGFADIANJIZUFUFEI,DANGQIEJINDANGDIANLIXITONGWUXIANLUZUSAISHIQUDENG,ZUSAISHIDEJIEYUYONGYUBUCHANGXIANLUTOUZI)XINGZHI,ERBUMANZUJILIXIANGRONGYIJIXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA。BENJIEJIANGZHENGMINGBENWENJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG、GETILIXINGYIJIXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA,BINGTICHUYIZHONGSHOUZHIPINGHENGDECELVE。

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                      3d组六包号价目表YOUSHANGSHUZHENGMINGKEZHI,WULUNQITAFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHIYUFOU,FADIANJIZUiSHENBAOZHENSHIDEFADIANCHENGBENSHIGAIJIZUDEZHANYOUCELVE。YINCI,BENWENTICHUDEJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIMANZUZHANYOUCELVEJILIXIANGRONG。

                      BENWENJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONGYUANLIDEJINGJIXUEHANYIZAIYU:RUGUOYITAIJIZUXUBAOGAOJIA,ZEXITONGDIAODUFENPEIJIGAIJIZUDEFADIANLIANGJIAOSHAO,QUCHUGAIJIZUHOUQITAJIZUCANYURIQIANSHICHANGDIANLIANGBIANHUAJIAOXIAO,SUOYIQUCHUGAIJIZUQIANHOUQITAJIZUFADIANCHENGBENBIANHUAJIAOXIAO,GAIJIZUHUODEXITONGDIAODUDEZHIFUFEIYONGJIAOSHAO。YINCI,YITAIJIZUDEZHANYOUCELVESHISHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBEN。XUBAOGAOJIAJIANGSHIDEGAIJIZUDUIQITAJIZUDETIDAIXIAOYIJIANSHAO,CONGERJIANGDIZISHENXIAOYI。

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                      4)SHOUZHIPINGHENG

                      Leonid Hurwicz,Jerry R.Green YI JI JeanJacquesLaffontZHENGMING,BUCUNZAIYIZHONGJILIJIZHITONGSHIMANZUZHANYOUCELVEJILIXIANGRONG、GETILIXING、XITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUAYIJISHOUZHIPINGHENG[24]。XIANYOUJIYU VCG DEJILIJIZHIBUMANZUSHOUZHIPINGHENGXINGZHI,JIXITONGDIAODUCONGDIANLIFUHEZHENGSHOUDEFEIYONGKENENGXIAOYUXIANGFADIANJIZUZHIFUDEFEIYONG。TONGGUOSHUXUEYUYANMIAOSHU,JICUNZAIYIZHONGCHANGJINGSHIDEXIASHICHENGLI:

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                      值得一提的是,本文提出一种通过降低发电侧收益达到收支平衡的策略,实际操作中还可以考虑提高销售电3d组六包号价目表价以增加负荷侧收费,达到收支平衡。关于收支平衡的深入研究,需要在未来的工作中进一步探索。

                      2.4 SHISHILIUCHENG

                      BENJIECONGSHISHILIUCHENGSHANGCHANSHI,BINGDUIBICHUANTONGJIYUBIANJIDIANJIAHEBENWENJIZHIDEJIAOYIMOSHI。TU1DUIBILELIANGZHONGJIZHIDESHISHILIUCHENG。

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                      YOUCIKEZHI,JIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIBINGWEIGAIBIANCHUANTONGSHICHANGJIYUBAOJIADEJIAOYIMOSHI,JINTONGGUOGAIBIANJIAZHIFENPEIHELIYIJIESUANDEFANGSHI,MANZUJILIXIANGRONGYUANLI。YINCI,JIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIYOUXIAOYANXULEXIANYOUSHICHANGJIAOYIMOSHI,JUYOUKECAOZUOXINGHESHIYONGJIAZHI。

                      2.5 ANLISHUOMING

                      XIAWENTONGGUO2JIEDIAN、3JIZUDEANLIDUIBIBIANJIDIANJIAYUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIDEXIAOGUOCHAYI。2JIEDIAN、3JIZUANLIRUTU2SUOSHI。TUZHONG,FADIANJI1,2HE3DEZHENSHIFADIANCHENGBENXISHUFENBIEWEIc,2c HE3c。JIEDIAN1DEFUHEWEI D。SANTAIFADIANJIDECHULIFANWEIJUNWEI[0,2D]。JIEDIAN1HE2ZHIJIANDEXIANLURONGLIANGWEI0.5D。

                      3d组六包号价目表2.5.2 JIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHI

                      3d组六包号价目表GENJUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHI,YITAIFADIANJIZUHUODESHOUYIWEIGAIFADIANJIZUCANYURIQIANSHICHANGQIANHOU,QITAJIZUZONGFADIANCHENGBENDEBIANHUA。XIAMIANZHONGDIANFENXIZAIJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIXIA,FADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENWEIQIZHANYOUCELVE。

                      YINCI,JIZU1ZHENSHISHENBAODEJINGSHOUYIDAYUXUJIASHENBAODEJINGSHOUYI。JIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIJIANGDAPOJIZU1HE2DECHUANMOU,CUSHIJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBEN。

                      3d组六包号价目表XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,WEIBAOZHANGDIANLISHICHANGCHONGFENJINGZHENGBINGYIZHIJIZUXUBAOGAOJIA,GUOWAIXIANYOUCHENGSHUDIANLISHICHANGYINRUFUZADESHICHANGJIANGUANJIZHI。LIRU,ZI1999NIANKAISHI,MEIGUO PJMSHICHANGYINRUSHICHANGJIANGUAN,YIKEGUANJIANSHI、DIAOCHAHEPINGGUSHICHANGJIEGOUJIYUNXINGFANGMIANDEQUEXIAN,RUSANGUATOULONGDUANCESHI[25],RANERZHEIXIESHICHANGJIZHIXUYAOGAOANGDEJIANGUANCHENGBEN。XIANGBIZHIXIA,BENWENJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONGYUANLI,CUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHIBAOJIA,GUBUZAIXUYAOFUZADEJIANGUAN。

                      3 算例分析

                      BENWENCESHIJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIZAIIEEE30HE118JIEDIAN XI TONG DE YOU XIAO XING。 CE SHI HUAN JING WEI THINKPADT460P,2.60GHzBAHEBIJIBENDIANNAO,BIANCHENGRUANJIANPINGTAIWEI MATLAB 2013b,CHAO LIU JI SUAN QIU JIE QI CAI YONGMATPOWER6.0[26]。

                      3d组六包号价目表3.1 IEEE30 JIEDIANXITONG

                      3d组六包号价目表ZAIIEEE30JIEDIANXITONGZHONG,YOU6TAIFADIANJIZU,ZUIXIAOJISHUCHULI 0,QITACHENGBENHEJISHUCANSHUJIANFULU A BIAO A1。

                      3d组六包号价目表3.1.1 JIZHIXINGZHIYANZHENG

                      WEIYANZHENGBENWENJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG,JIASHEFADIANJIZUZAIYIDINGBILIFANWEINEISHENBAOCHENGBENXISHU。TU3SUOSHIWEIGEFADIANJIZUSHENBAOBUTONGXISHUXIADEJINGLIRUNSHUIPING。

                      DUIYU6TAIFADIANJIZU,ZHIYOUZAISHENBAOZHIYUZHENSHIZHIBILIWEI1.0,JIJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENXISHUSHI,FADIANJIZUHUODEJINGLIRUNZUIDA。DANGJIZUXUBAODIJIASHI,XITONGDIAODUFENPEIJIJIZUJIAODUODIANLIANG,DANZHIFUJIJIZUDEFEIYONGKENENGBUZUYIBUCHANGJIZUFADIANCHENGBEN,YINCIJIZUJINGLIRUNJIANGDI,SHENZHICHUXIANFUZHI,RUJIZU G6。YOUYUXITONGDIAODUZHIFUJIJIZUDEFEIYONGQUJUEYUGAIJIZUDUIQITAJIZUFADIANCHENGBENDEYINGXIANG,DANGJIZUXUBAOGAOJIASHI,GAIJIZUDUIQITAJIZUDEYINGXIANGJIANXIAO,ZHIFUJIGAIJIZUDEFEIYONGXUEJIAN,RENGRANDAOZHIJIZUJINGLIRUNJIANGDI;TONGSHI,BAOJIAGUOGAO,KENENGDAOZHIGAIJIZUBUZHONGBIAO,JINGLIRUNWEI0,RUJIZUG6。

                      1.png

                      3d组六包号价目表YINCI,BENWENSUOTIJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG,YOUXIAOCUJINSHICHANGCHENGYUANZHENSHISHENBAO,JIEJUEDIANLISHICHANGXINXIBUDUICHENGNANTI。WEIYANZHENGBENWENJIZHIMANZUGETILIXING,FULU A BIAO A2JICHULEFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENXISHUSHIDECHULIJIHUAHELIRUN。YOUJIEGUOKEZHI,DANGJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENXISHUSHI,GETAIFADIANJIZUDEJINGLIRUNJUNDAYU0,SHUOMINGJIZUYOUYIYUANCANYURIQIANSHICHANG,MANZUGETILIXING。JINER,YOUYUSHICHANGCHUQINGMOXINGZUIXIAOHUASUOYOUJIZUZHENSHIFADIANCHENGBEN,JIZHIMANZUXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUA。

                      3.1.2 SHOUZHIPINGHENGTANTAO

                      3d组六包号价目表XITONGGEJIEDIANFUHEYIJIXITONGSHOUZHIFEIYONGJIANTU4。

                      1.png

                      XITONGBIANJIDIANJIAWEI3.79MEIYUAN/(MW·h),ZONGFUHESHUIPINGWEI189.2MW,YINCI,CONGFUHECESHOUQUDEZONGFEIYONGWEI716.92MEIYUAN,ER XU YAO ZHI FU JI FA DIAN JI ZU DE ZONG FEI YONG WEI745.73MEIYUAN,BIFUHECESHOUFEIDUOCHU4.02%。BENWENCAIYONGDESHOUZHIPINGHENGCELVESHIJIANSHAOMEITAIFADIANJIZUDESHOUYI。WEIMANZUSHOUZHIPINGHENG、GETILIXINGYIJIJILIXIANGRONG,

                      1.png

                      3d组六包号价目表3.2 IEEE118 JIEDIANXITONG

                      3d组六包号价目表ZAIIEEE118JIEDIANXITONGZHONG,YOU 54 TAIFADIANJIZU、186TIAOXIANLU。GEJIEDIANFUHESHUIPING、FADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENSHIDEZUIYOUCHULIJIHUARUFULU A TU A1SUOSHI。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,TUZHONGZHITONGJIGONGLVFEILINGDEJIEDIANHEJIZU。

                      ZAI IEEE 118 JIE DIAN XI TONG ZHONG,ZONG FU HE WEI4242MW,GONGYOU19TAIFADIANJIZUBEIDIAODU,CHULIWEI0DESHENGYU35TAIJIZUHUODEXITONGZHIFUWEI0,FADIANCHENGBENWEI0,YINCIBUZAIBENJIESUANLITAOLUNFANWEINEI。ZAIFADIANJIZUZHENSHIBAOJIASHI,19 TAIFADIANJIZUDEXITONGZHIFUFEIYONGHEJINGLIRUNRUFULU A TUA2SUOSHI。FADIANJIZUHUODEXITONGZHIFUCONG152.68MEI YUAN DAO23550.27MEI YUAN,JING LI RUN CONG 37.60 MEI YUAN DAO6085.48MEIYUAN,YINCICANYURIQIANSHICHANGDEFADIANJIZUJINGLIRUNJUNDAYU0。

                      4 结语

                      BENWENTICHUJIYUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIDEDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHI,YINGYONGYUDIANLIRIQIANSHICHANG,BINGLILUNZHENGMINGGAIJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG、GETILIXINGYIJIXITONGCHENGBENZUIXIAOHUADEXINGZHI。JIYUIEEE30JIEDIANHE118JIEDIANDESUANLIFENXIBIAOMING:①ZAIJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIXIA,SUOYOUFADIANJIZUSHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBENWEIZHANYOUCELVE,JIJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIMANZUJILIXIANGRONG;②CANYURIQIANSHICHANGDESUOYOUFADIANJIZUDEJINGLIRUNBUXIAOYU0,JIJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIMANZUGETILIXING;③JIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIYINQIDESHOUZHIBUPINGHENGKETONGGUOSHIHOUDIAOZHENGFADIANJIZUSHOUYILAIJIEJUE。

                      ZAIWEILAIDEYANJIUZHONG,YIXIASANFANGMIANZHIDEJINYIBUTANSUO:①BENWENJINKAOLVFADIANCEJINGJIADERIQIANSHICHANGJIZHISHEJI,SHIJIDIANLISHICHANGYUNXUFUHECECANYUJINGJIA,YINCI,ZAIWEILAIYANJIUZHONGKETANSUOJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIZAISHUANGBIANJINGJIASHICHANGZHONGDESHIYONGXING;②BENWENZHONGDIANGUANZHUJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIRUHEMANZUJILIXIANGRONG,JIFADIANJIZUDEZHANYOUCELVEWEISHENBAOZHENSHICHENGBEN,ZAIWEILAIYANJIUZHONGKEDUIBIJIAZHIGONGPINGFENPEIJIZHIHEBIANJIDIANJIAJIZHINASHENJUNHENGJIEDECHAYI;③BENWENTICHUTONGGUOJIANGDIFADIANCESHOUYIDESHOUZHIPINGHENGCELVE,ZAIWEILAIDEYANJIUZHONGKEFENXITIGAOFUHECEDIANJIADEJIEJUEFANGAN。

                      BENWENDEYANJIUCHENGGUOJIANGWEIZHONGGUODIANLITIZHIGAIGETIGONGMANZUJILIXIANGRONGDEDIANLISHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHI,JIJITUIDONGZHONGGUODIANLISHICHANGDEJIANKANGFAZHAN。

                      CAN KAO WEN XIAN

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                      OpinionsoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilonfurther deepening the reform of electric power system(〔2015〕No.9)[EB/OL].[2014-04-27].http://tgs.ndrc.gov.cn/zywj/201601/t20160129_773852.html.

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                      3d组六包号价目表LIANG Zhifei, CHEN Wei, ZHANG Zhixiang, et al.Discussionon pattern and path ofelectricity sport marketdesigninsouthernregionofChina[J].AutomationofElectricPower Systems, 2017, 41(24): 16-21.DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20170614015.

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                      3d组六包号价目表[26]ZIMMERMANRD,MURILLO-SáNCHEZCE,THOMASR J.MATPOWER:steady-state operations,planning,andanalysistoolsforpowersystemsresearchandeducation[J].IEEETransactionsonPowerSystems,2011,26(1):12-19.

                      3d组六包号价目表WANGJIANXIAO1,2,ZHONGHAIWANG1,2,XIA QING1,2,WANG YANG3,LAIXIAOWEN3,GUOXINZHI4

                      3d组六包号价目表(1.QINGHUADAXUEDIANJIGONGCHENGYUYINGYONGDIANZIJISHUXI,BEIJINGSHI 100084;

                      2.DIANLIXITONGJIFADIANSHEBEIKONGZHIHEFANGZHENGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI(QINGHUADAXUE),BEIJINGSHI 100084;

                      3d组六包号价目表3.BEIJINGQINGNENGHULIANKEJIYOUXIANGONGSI,BEIJINGSHI 100084;4.GUOWANGHENANSHENGDIANLIGONGSIJINGJIJISHUYANJIUYUAN,HENANSHENGZHENGZHOUSHI 450000)

                      WANGJIANXIAO(1992—),NAN,BOSHIYANJIUSHENG,ZHUYAOYANJIUFANGXIANG:DIANLISHICHANG、FADIANJIHUA、DIANLIGUIHUA、XINNENGYUANYUCE DENG。E-mail:wangjx14@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

                      ZHONGHAIWANG(1986—),NAN,TONGXINZUOZHE,BOSHI,FUJIAOSHOU,BOSHISHENGDAOSHI,IEEEGAOJIHUIYUAN,ZHUYAOYANJIUFANGXIANG:DIANLISHICHANG、XUQIUCEXIANGYING、FADIANJIHUADENG。E-mail:.cn

                      夏 清(1957—),男,教授,博士生导师,IEEE 高 级 会员,主要研究方向:智能电网、发电计划、电力规划、电力市场、负荷预测等。E-mail:.cn

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